Child abuse, subjective social status and disparities in bereavement health

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Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2021 November 18 135: 105595. doi: 10.1016 / j.psyneuen.2021.105595. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The bereavement of a spouse can have harmful consequences on health; however, not all widowers experience the same degree of health problems. Thus, it is important to understand the contribution of disparities (eg, childhood abuse and subjective social status) that may underlie the adverse health effects that arise after bereavement.

METHODS: We collected data from 130 marital mourners at 3 time points (3 months after loss, 4 months after loss and 6 months after loss). Using mixed models, we assessed the interaction of child abuse, subjective social status, and the time it takes to predict changes in pro-inflammatory cytokine production, depressive symptoms, grief symptoms.

RESULTS: We found a significant interaction between child abuse, subjective social status and time predicting pro-inflammatory cytokine production (beta> -0.01, p = 0.048), depressive symptoms (beta = 0.008, p = 0.010) and symptoms of grief (beta = 0.001 p = 0.001).

Conclusion: This study highlights the role of disparities related to child abuse and subjective social status on the adverse health effects following marital bereavement.

PMID:34837775 | DO I:10.1016 / j.psyneuen.2021.105595


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